The narrowing of Africa’s power deficit has been contributed to by China. The deficit is a perennial problem that still leaves two thirds of the population in sub-Saharan Africa without access to reliable electricity supply.
Chinese firms have successfully built or are in the process of building many hydro-power plants across the continent in 2017. These projects are located in many good African countries like Cote d’Ivoire, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). These projects are expected to create up to about 3,700 MW of electricity for the continent when they are finished.
Tens of thousands of jobs have also been created for the locals by the construction of all these projects. Six Chinese-constructed hydro-power plants, some of which are already commissioned while others are still under construction in 2017 are as follows:
- Soubre hydroelectric power station, Cote d’Ivoire: This is the largest of its kind in the West African country with a total installed capacity of 275 MW.
- Kariba South Expansion Project, Zimbabwe: This is now 85 percent complete.
- Isimba Power Plant Project, Uganda: This power plant is under construction on the bank of River Nile, in the remote Kayunga district with an installed capacity of 183 MW.
- Karuma Hydro Power Project, Uganda: This is the first underground power plant in the East African region expected to provide over 600MW of electricity.
- Zongo II hydro-power plant, DR Congo: The project will add 150 MW of electricity to the country when finished.
- Caculo Cabaca Hydropower Project, Angola: The project has a total contractual value of 4.5 billion U.S. dollars and has a planned installed capacity of 2,172 megawatts.